After dealing with the Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict in the morning, Putin went to one of Russia’s oldest cities to talk with the champions of the Hi-Tech Championship, which is an international tournament of professional skills and part of the All-Russian movement “Professionals,” the formal name being Valdai Intelligent Electronics ISTC, lasting three days and attended by about 5,000 people. Putin then met with Novgorod’s Governor Andrei Nikitin and reviewed the state of development in the region that has issues with old infrastructure needing repair and modernization competing with new infrastructure and other regional challenges. Putin then went with Mr. Nikitin to inspect some of that new infrastructure, the ISTC “Intelligent Electronics – Valdai”, which hosted the recent tournament. Here’s a photo of the planned campus extension.
And then in an example of the mobility of Russia’s government, in Veliky Novgorod, the President held an expanded meeting of the State Council Presidium on the development of Russia’s labor market. The focus of this article will be upon Putin’s discussion with the academic champions, a short note on the ISTC, and then the discussion about the labor market, education, and demographics that comprises the whole. It’s important to view all this in comparison with what’s happening elsewhere in the world as ISTC is just one of several centers Russia has prioritized to advance and create its technological sovereignty. Furthermore, this gives readers a look into what the political-economic philosophy of People Centered Development looks like from the inside, how its developed and kept going, which could be said of similar presentations.
Here’s a better view of the Novgorod Fortress.
Meeting with the winners of the Hi-Tech Championship and a photo of them. Remember when you were young:
Unfortunately, Putin’s schedule didn’t allow for a discussion with all the winners as he usually likes to conduct. But what follows provides some insights:
Vladimir Putin: Good afternoon!
I am glad to see you all and I want to congratulate you: I understand that the winners of the contest are here. This is the first time such a competition has been held. I congratulate you all – the history of this contest begins with you, and you are just the winners at the first step, at the first iteration of this contest.
I am sure that we will continue to follow this path, we will look for the same young talented guys, promising, able to achieve success.
The fact that you have passed such a competition and are the winners is also great because these are the most interesting destinations today. As far as I understand, this includes robotics, big data, and something else that is most important, interesting, and promising.
Sergey Sergeyevich [Kravtsov], the Minister of Education, nods his head. I know that he promised not only to praise you, but also to provide you with appropriate remuneration for your work – it will definitely never interfere with anyone, and it will benefit you, including for the implementation of some of your close issues and close tasks that you were going to solve, including in the field of education. improve your professional level.
I wish you every success in the future, and if you have any suggestions, please pay full attention – I’m listening to you.
Mikhail Khrolovich: Good evening, Vladimir Vladimirovich!
My name is Khrolovich Matvey, I am a fourth-year student of the Novgorod Agrotechnical Technical School and a participant in the competence “geospatial digital engineering”.
The guys and I are very happy that we took part in the final and achieved success in our competencies. This is very important for those who are studying in the professions of the future. The final was organized just fine, everything went perfectly. But all participants are concerned about one question: will the championship be held annually?
Vladimir Putin: We will now ask the main organizer. I believe that it is necessary to hold events of this kind.
Sergey Sergeyevich, how?
: Yes, we will definitely hold it every year, Vladimir Vladimirovich, it is very important for the children. And there are professionals in St. Petersburg…
Vladimir Putin: It’ll be in November, right?
Sergey Kravtsov: In November. We will also hold annual events in Veliky Novgorod in those areas of the future. Thank you.
Vladimir Putin: That’s it, the answer has been received.
Mikhail Khrolovich: Thank you very much.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much for showing interest, attention and success in this area. Please sit down. Please don’t give away the microphone.
You said that you are studying – what is the name of your specialty?
Mikhail Khrolovich: The competence is called “geospatial digital engineering”.
Vladimir Putin: And what exactly do you do? It’s even hard for me to perceive…
Mikhail Khrolovich: This is the construction of three-dimensional models from maps, from these images, that is, using drones.
Vladimir Putin: For what?
Mikhail Khrolovich: It can be used everywhere, in other words, in absolutely all areas: from agriculture to the defense sector.
Vladimir Putin: Yes, yes, I understand. And you are engaged in agriculture, will you be engaged in it?
Mikhail Khrolovich: An agricultural plot was taken from us, we got a picture and drew a complete map with all the symbols on it.
Vladimir Putin: You get some sort of agricultural education in general, don’t you?
Mikhail Khrolovich: We have a technical school, yes, an agricultural one.
Vladimir Putin: Where do you see the possibilities of using such equipment in the agricultural sector?
Mikhail Khrolovich: I think that if any of our local, Russian producers need help in drawing land plots, providing geodetic information, we will be happy to help.
Vladimir Putin: You know… This is just a reaction at the level of the first signal system, which is called: if you just wait for them to come to you for these orders, it can take a very long time. You need to look for areas of application.
Mikhail Khrolovich: Yes, we are ready.
Vladimir Putin: We need to get people interested, spread information more widely, and look for partners – and that will be the right thing to do. Not just like that-they made it interesting, good, beautiful, and should have been in demand. But if no one knows about it, then it will be difficult to promote these developments. We need to be aware of this, and we need to work harder in this regard.
We need to talk to our colleagues, including Dmitry Patrushev and others in this case. We have just talked with Rosgeologia – they will be in demand. We need to help them promote these ideas, these developments.
Mikhail Khrolovich: Thank you very much.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
You are welcome.
Igor Vasilyenov: Hello, Vladimir Vladimirovich!
My name is Ivan Vasilyenov. This championship was the first serious event for me, where I was able to get acquainted with a huge amount of innovative equipment. In principle, everything is perfectly organized. I really enjoyed participating in this kind of event.
I would like to ask a question. Currently, the championship has eight competencies in the most promising areas. In your opinion, which of these areas will be most in demand in the future?
Vladimir Putin: You know, not so long ago we agreed with the Government that the Government will create a special structure to determine these most popular competencies and specialties. Everything is changing very quickly, and these changes require new competencies. This government structure will have to update these preferences every time for the next five years.
Here’s what your colleague – on your right-just said about the agro-industrial complex and everything related to it. And here and genetics, and all sorts of agricultural, and other disciplines: these include unmanned vehicles, robotics, high technologies in the broadest sense of the word, the use of artificial intelligence, the use of big data, and so on.
But I’ll say it again: The Government will have to update this list of priorities every five years.
Igor Vasilyenov: Thank you very much.
Vladimir Putin: Please.
Dmitry Schleg: Hello, Mr President!
I’m from the Novgorod region, my name is Dmitry Shlegov.
Today, many colleges are equipped with modern equipment and laboratories, but the buildings themselves often do not match. Many children who study come from remote cities or regions – they have to live in poor conditions.
I know that schools are currently being renovated. Is it possible to plan a program to renovate colleges and dormitories?
Vladimir Putin: We have a program of building and repairing schools.
(To S. Kravtsov.) How many have we already-two thousand almost repaired?
Sergey Kravtsov: Yes, two thousand were repaired.
Vladimir Putin: And for the next three years, we will have to repair and put in order almost six more.
But as for colleges, the material base of colleges is primarily assigned to the regional level of government. In the Novgorod Region, as the governor has just reported – there is a corresponding program.
(To A. Nikitin.) How many dormitories have you put in order and will you continue to do so?
A. Nikitin: We will do four this year and ten before 2026. But with federal support, too, of course.
Vladimir Putin: The Federation, the federal budget, of course, helps and supports. Now we will complete the school program. I think that we are already doing this in parallel, supporting the regions – and we will continue to do this without fail, because training specialists at the college level is currently in high demand. Because the economy and industry really need specialists of this class, this level, and well-trained specialists with modern equipment.
But, of course, in order for life to be full, it is not enough just to have good equipment, although this is the key point. The buildings of these institutions themselves – it is clear that young people should live in normal conditions. We will, of course, strive for this. Although let’s remember Lomonosov: he generally walked-so they say. I didn’t take the subway, I didn’t fly by plane – I walked to the knowledge. This does not mean that everyone should live in sheds in this regard, remembering Lomonosov. This is understandable, and we will gradually do it all.
Just now, we were present at the opening of a very good, large – scale center, through which ten thousand specialists will pass a year-in Kaluga. We will open more and more such centers. And, of course, we will definitely talk to our colleagues again about the regions, although now a lot of attention is being paid, but there is still something to do and work on.
D. Schleg: Thank you.
Vladimir Putin: What is your specialty?
D. Schleg: I have a specialty in “construction and operation of buildings and structures”, I study at the Novgorod Construction College.
Vladimir Putin: Construction. Do you know how rapidly your industry is developing today? We have set a record for housing construction: neither in Soviet times nor in Russian times have we ever built so much – never. And, apparently, this year will be a record, and next year will be a very good indicator.
And construction, it is not only housing construction-industrial construction, road construction. Very interesting activity, very much. Fate is such, fate: to heal, to build – the most noble things. So a very good choice.
I wish you every success.
D. Schleg: Thank you very much.
Vladimir Putin: So, that’s it?
I congratulate you once again on your results.
The Minister said: now there will be another competition in St. Petersburg-a big, good one,” Professionals ” is called, somewhere in the second half of November, at the end of November. Maybe some of the guys will also take part, and there will definitely be winners in this St. Petersburg competition.
I congratulate you once again and wish you all the best.
The readout of Putin’s visit to the INTC gives the reader an idea of what’s displayed in the photo of the model above. Several members of the State Council accompanied him:
The INTC project aimed at developing the electronics industry is being implemented on behalf of the President starting in 2021. The project was initiated by Yaroslav the Wise Novgorod State University. Two buildings of the INTC with an area of more than 19 thousand square meters house the microelectronics design center, scientific laboratories and classrooms of the advanced engineering school of Novgorod University (PISH), as well as residents of the center-18 organizations, including divisions of Rosgeology, Roscosmos, and Rostec.
The Head of State was presented with a plan for the second stage of the cluster’s development, which includes the construction of a laboratory block, a funicular across the Volkhov River, and landscaping of the embankment, including a park area. Explanations were given by the rector of Novgorod University Yuri Borovikov.
The President also visited the working space and classrooms of School 21, the Sbera project that provides free access to world-class IT education. In addition to the INTC, the School 21 campuses are open in Moscow, Novosibirsk, Kazan and Surgut.In total, more than four thousand people study there, more than two thousand are already undergoing internships or are successfully employed in the largest IT companies in the country. German Gref, President and Chairman of the Management Board of Sberbank of Russia, and Andrey Latyshev, Director of the Shkola 21 campus in Veliky Novgorod, informed the Head of state about the details of the project implementation.
Then Vladimir Putin got acquainted with the exposition dedicated to the system of secondary vocational education in Russia. Minister of Labor and Social Protection Anton Kotyakov and Minister of Education Sergey Kravtsov reported on its development to the President. At the end of the tour, the President took part in the opening ceremony of the federal technopark of professional education for teacher training in Kaluga via video link. Vladislav Shapsha, Governor of the Kaluga Region, made a brief presentation.
And now onto the enlarged meeting of the Presidium of the State Council. At the top of the transcript is a link to the already translated transcript of last year’s meeting held at the same site which provides more contextual information for Russia’s overall educational and People Centered Deveolpment plans.
Vladimir Putin: Dear colleagues, good afternoon!
Exactly one year ago, here in Veliky Novgorod, with the participation of leading universities and companies, we discussed in detail the project to implement advanced engineering schools, one of which is already operating on the basis of Novgorod University, training personnel, including for the Intelligent Electronics – Valdai innovation Center. Its residents, high-tech companies, deploy their projects in the region and create new jobs.
I would like to thank Governor Andrey Nikitin and his team for such a systematic and thorough approach. Opportunities are created for residents and young people to acquire advanced skills, work in promising sectors, and receive a decent salary, and businesses can attract trained, qualified personnel and rely on them to solve the problems of developing companies, industries, and the country’s economy as a whole.
This, in fact, is, in professional terms, the formation of the modern labor market. An extended meeting of the Presidium of the State Council is devoted to this topic, which is attended by regional leaders – I welcome all of you, dear colleagues – representatives of the Government and business associations.
I would like to emphasize right away that our meeting is taking place against the backdrop of record-low unemployment. This is one of the most important indicators of the effectiveness of our entire economic policy and its social dimension. At the same time, it is also an indicator that economic growth may face a shortage of labor resources. Well, what does “it may collide” mean – We know that it is already colliding, such a problem already exists, and we must take this factor into account and respond to the long-term perspective.
Now it is important that the reduction of unemployment is systemic, structural, and is the result, among other things, of our consistent efforts in a number of areas.
First of all, in the regions of the Russian Federation with historically high unemployment – and this is a number of regions in Siberia, the Far East, and the North Caucasus Federal District-new jobs are created due to the implementation of investment projects and the overall development of territories, as well as remote employment formats are being developed.
Of course, individual cities and localities, and sometimes entire agglomerations, are still experiencing a shortage of jobs. In addition, special attention should be paid to regions with low quality of employment, where people formally seem to have a job, but their salaries and incomes seriously lag behind the national average.
I would ask Tatyana Golikova to consider each such case at the interdepartmental working group on labor market recovery and propose appropriate support measures.
Further. The Government is implementing a special program, which has already resulted in a gradual but consistent reduction in youth unemployment – and it is known to be higher than in the whole country.
We need to concentrate additional efforts in this area, because according to all forecasts, and they are positive, the number of young people in our country will grow every year and for more than a decade, we can say ten years. By 2030, for example, the country – according to preliminary estimates, of course, according to preliminary analysis – will have 8.3 million citizens aged 20-24 years. And in 2035-already 9.7 million, which is 2.4 million more than now. (Turning to T. Golikova) Yes, Tatyana Alekseevna? Everything is right.
This is also, of course, a significant result of our efforts in the field of demography – over the past years, of course, and even now we are trying to do everything to the maximum here.
Now we need to increase our efforts and create all the conditions for young people to start their career successfully. I will definitely return to this topic in the context of professional education.
In general, I would like to note that measures to develop the labor market should continue to support our steps in the field of demography.
To do this, we are already implementing programs to improve the skills of women who are on maternity leave, and from next year, 2024, if a woman goes to work, the family will continue to receive child support for up to one and a half years. We discussed this in the Government for a long time, the decision has been made, and I hope that all this will work in the direction we need. The allowance for caring for disabled children with part-time employment of parents or guardians who provide such care will also be retained.
Separately, I will mention such an important issue as supporting veterans of a special military operation, including in improving their skills, obtaining a new profession, finding employment, and organizing their own business. All these are the tasks of the special state fund “Defenders of the Fatherland”. Today I visited the Novgorod branch [of the foundation] and saw how its work is organized. I hope that its branches are already actively working in all regions of the Russian Federation and will increase the pace of this work, which is a very important area.
I would like to emphasize that we need to do everything possible so that our heroes – in the full sense of heroes, our guys who are fighting on the front line-feel that they are in demand, can work, can provide for their loved ones, their families, and create these families. There are a lot of young people there. Family members of comrades we have lost should receive the same full assistance. Once again, I ask the heads of the regions to keep all these issues under their personal control. Dear colleagues, I have stressed this many times. I see your efforts, they are yielding results, and I ask you to keep the same bar.
Dear colleagues, I have now focused on the support of citizens who face difficulties in finding a job. Of course, I would also like to hear from you your thoughts, ideas, and suggestions on how to help people, regardless of their age, say, or some other circumstances related to past training.
Speaking at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, I have already spoken about our systemic task, namely, to move to a high-wage economy in the next decade. This is the most important reference point for domestic companies and, of course, for all levels of government when developing economic and social policy measures.
What is the current situation with the level of wages and salaries in general? By the end of July, their growth was 10 and a half percent in real terms.
This is good, of course, we need to support this trend, make it sustainable, and to do this, the state should help people of all ages become more professional, qualified, and therefore competitive in the labor market. We are talking about creating real opportunities for citizens to add to their knowledge base, gradually update their skills and competencies. Our entire system of education and, of course, upbringing should be focused on these tasks.
First of all, it is necessary to continue to systematically and consistently implement the planned plans. I am referring to programs for the construction, repair and equipping of schools, the development of additional education, as well as the qualitative improvement of the material and technical base of colleges, technical schools and universities.
Now I’ve met some guys who work in colleges, and they’ve behaved modestly, although they are champions of our new competition [the High-Tech Championship], which is significant in this area, but one of the issues, of course, is the living conditions. This is understandable.
I would also like to add that new approaches should be used more widely in secondary and higher professional education, namely, obtaining several qualifications at once and even changing specialties and training areas during the course of study.
I repeat: we have introduced such innovations in the interests of young people, so that they are as ready as possible to start their working career, so that young people have more opportunities to realize themselves in different industries and in different regions of our country.
I would like to emphasize that efforts should only be increased in all areas of education and training development. And in order for the result to be truly systematic, we must clearly understand what specialists our economy and enterprises will need in the near future-today, of course, and in the near future. Be sure to take into account emerging trends in technological and industrial development.
That is why every year we will make a five-year forecast of personnel needs at the level of the entire economy. And of course, without a business, without colleagues who work in real production, we will not solve this problem, it should be a joint task.
I ask businesses, the federal subjects, and the Government to engage in this work with full responsibility, and to create a modern, convenient mechanism that will allow us to make such a forecast in the context of specific regions, industries, and professions, and, most importantly, take into account national projects, infrastructure programs, prospects for the development of cities and entire territories, and investment plans state corporations and private companies.
The first such forecast should be prepared next year, and it is on this basis that we will now calculate the parameters of training personnel with secondary and higher vocational education. Such planning should start as early as the 2025/2026 academic year. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the results of national ratings of educational organizations, primarily in terms of employment of their graduates.
I would like all my colleagues to hear me, especially the heads of our universities, colleges and technical schools. The effectiveness of your work, dear colleagues, will largely be judged by how much your graduates are in demand by domestic enterprises and organizations. If a young person cannot find a job in a country with a shortage of personnel, a number of absolutely natural questions arise: does the economy need the specialists, the competencies that you train, and how did the educational institutions and their teams work, and how fully and qualitatively is the graduate prepared for future work?
Therefore, mentors of universities and technical schools, as they say, should feel changes in the labor market at their fingertips, of course, and respond to them in a timely manner, without waiting for any signals from above. It is necessary to work directly with those for whom you work, and, of course, to establish substantive interaction with employers for this purpose, and directly at home – in a particular city or region.
We also expect that domestic businesses will increase investment in developing the skills of their future employees, managers, leaders and teams. I see, of course, we understand that such a process is taking place, it is getting better, but we just need to constantly pay due attention to it.
As for people who are already working, an effective mechanism should be created with three-way obligations: the employer, the employee and the authorities-within the framework of the apprenticeship contract. Let me remind you that its meaning is that the employee will study at the expense of the company, and then perform more qualified, and therefore more paid work. I would like to emphasize that such a mechanism is designed to help people acquire new skills and even professions throughout their lives, as required by the rapid technological development in the world.
Dear colleagues, improving the skills of citizens is the most important factor in shaping the economy and increasing the level of wages. An equally important condition should be the growth of labor productivity – this is a truism and a basic condition.
The first is to increase the investment activity of domestic businesses and further increase investments in fixed assets. By the way, I would like to note that in the second quarter, investment growth continued and amounted to plus 12.6 percent year – on-year. A good indicator.
Such positive dynamics should definitely be supported. To do this, all tools aimed at supporting investments must work effectively. I would like to draw this to the attention of the Government and our colleagues in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
The second is the optimization of the production processes themselves through the introduction of lean manufacturing technologies. The opportunities here are very large.
I’ll give you an illustrative example. So, over five years, more than four thousand enterprises participating in the national project “Labor Productivity” have gained a total of 306 billion rubles in value added, and this did not require an increase in the number of employees, it was just necessary to use human and technical resources more efficiently – and our colleagues succeeded.
It is necessary to maximize the application of these approaches to the entire economy and social sphere. Relevant instructions in certain areas have already been formulated and given. Not all of them, frankly speaking, are subject to substantive work. Here, our colleagues from the Government sometimes need to act more actively and focus on achieving concrete results. There is a lot to work on here, we all understand this, but as I said, there are concrete positive examples, and we need to focus on them.
The third is to increase automation through the use of more modern and productive equipment, as well as the active introduction of robots in industry and services, the use of unmanned vehicles both on the ground and in the air, and precisely on the basis of Russian technologies.
In addition, it is necessary to make greater use of new technological solutions, including those based on artificial intelligence. I would like to repeat once again: they should play a key role in the transformation of the labor market in the next decade.
Therefore, it is necessary to expand the study of information technologies and artificial intelligence in educational programs, to develop new educational formats, such as “School 21”, which opened just recently in Veliky Novgorod.
Dear colleagues, practical actions in all the areas outlined now should be an integral part of our economic policy, and it is certainly necessary for the regions, the federal center, and businesses to work closely together in this regard.
Yesterday and today, together with representatives of the Government and employers ‘ associations, specific initiatives of the State Council commissions were discussed at a special seminar. I would like to tell you more about this. Let’s start with that.
Please, Andrey Sergeyevich Nikitin.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, Dear participants of the meeting,
This is the first time that we are considering the topic of labor market development at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council, and for the first time five State Council commissions are involved in working on this issue at once, which are directly interested in finding new and effective solutions.
Today, for the regions, the staffing of enterprises, especially priority sectors of the economy – is a key issue. It determines the vector and pace of development of territories, the quality of life of people. On the one hand, we see a growing demand for labor, and on the other – a growing shortage of supply in this market. At the same time, various state instruments for opening new production facilities and supporting businesses create conditions for rapid economic development, implementation of large-scale investment projects, and at the same time require adequate staffing.
And the solution of the issue of staffing is inextricably linked with the analysis of demographic trends in the regions. For example, the number of people employed in the health and social services sector is expected to grow until 2030. The key demographic factor here will be an increase in the proportion of the population older than working age.
Last year, at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council, you, dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, instructed to ensure the introduction of a system of long-term care for the elderly. This solution has been implemented since September 1. We thank the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Labor for their support in this matter. And already this year, thousands of care assistants across the country are providing a broad package of home-based social services to those who need them for free every day.
Only in the Novgorod region, social protection has increased by 50 percent due to this project. This project has created 1,600 jobs, which is actually another large-scale production facility that employs residents of the region, including unemployed relatives of the elderly themselves. This system makes it possible to provide employment for the population with a low level of economic activity and, of course, gives a very significant socio-economic effect. We receive a huge amount of positive feedback from people, especially those living in the outback.
At the same time, we now need to create conditions for young people to come to enterprises. The most important thing is a close connection – school, college, university, and enterprise. It is clear that training specialists who then cannot find a job, and spending budget money on this is unacceptable in any case today.
And the training of personnel should start with career guidance in schools. Thanks to the Ministry of Education, this career guidance program started on September 1.
Of course, these mechanisms need to be expanded and actively used in all regions.
Also, for entrepreneurship training, we propose to integrate “My Business” centers into the education system, so that already at the stage of professional training, we can identify those who want to start their own business, help them, including teaching them the basics of entrepreneurship and the use of lean technologies.
Most of all, industry, manufacturing, construction, transport, and healthcare are in need of personnel.
The organization opens numerous vacancies and is ready to pay a good salary, but there is often no one to hire, or they are lured from each other [employees] within the same region from enterprise to enterprise. At the same time, the number of SPE graduates does not fully cover this need.
Therefore, all of us in the regions need to review the target figures for admission to educational programs in strategically important areas and provide for the possibility of their timely adjustment to meet the requirements of employers.
One of the sources of smoothing out labor market imbalances is internal labor migration. Here it is necessary to increase the interaction of colleges and technical schools with employers, to strengthen their cooperation, not limited to the borders of one region.
Regional programs to increase the mobility of labor resources are already in place, and appropriate state support measures are being provided to support those who move within the region. We believe that these programs should be implemented and expanded, perhaps even at the interregional level.
At the same time, we need to start this process much earlier, work with future graduates in schools, offer them options for studying in vocational schools and universities not only in our region, but also abroad with further guaranteed employment. For example, as a result of the work that we have carried out in the region, Mr Putin, with your support, we now have young people from 56 regions and seven foreign countries studying at Novgorod colleges and universities.
The next stage is the construction of a modern campus with four thousand seats, one thousand of which will be provided to secondary school students. Thank you for your support in this matter.
We consider it important to implement similar projects in other regions, of course, with appropriate support, so that school graduates can choose the region for professional training and further employment.
All regions note, and we talked about it at the seminar, that such tools as temporary and public works, as well as professional training within the framework of the national project “Demography” are very popular and effective. Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, please extend these measures until 2030.
The implementation of the national project “Demography” allowed to modernize regional employment services. With substantial support from the federal budget, mechanisms for proactive work have been implemented both with those who are employed and with employers. Lean technologies and digital resources are used, and the federal platform “Work of Russia” contains an extensive database of resumes and vacancies, which allows you to conduct remote selection and interviews, provides contactless verification of personal data, and accepts applications from citizens for training. This is an effective tool. At the same time, colleagues at the seminar unanimously supported the proposal to finalize this platform in order to form a unified forecast of the economy’s personnel needs in the regional and professional-qualification context. Now the regions form such a forecast once a year, and each has its own methodology. And, of course, we need a single solution that allows us to ensure a constant flow of objective data on the state of the labor market, current and prospective personnel needs by industry, and planned investment projects at the state level and in the context of subjects. These data should become a real basis for organizing career guidance work, forming the total volume of admission control figures for higher and secondary special education programs. Based on this, it is necessary to plan and make decisions on the development of specific technical schools, repair and construction of places of residence for students.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
The development of the labor market is probably a key issue for the smooth operation of enterprises and organizations, especially priority sectors of the economy. In my opinion, there is no other more important issue from the point of view of our development, from the point of view of our investment climate. It will ultimately determine the pace of development of the region and the quality of life of our fellow citizens.
Thanks for attention.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
Please, Anton Olegovich.
A. : Thank you. Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
Such labor market parameters as the levels of employment and unemployment, professional qualifications, and the level of education of job seekers and employees directly affect the ability to maintain the chosen vector and the necessary speed of economic transformation.
At the beginning of 2022, thanks to the coordinated actions of employers, the Government and the regions, it was possible to prevent an escalation of tension in the labor market. The stabilization of the economy in the second half of 2022 and its subsequent growth is accompanied by an increase in the need for personnel. Today, the labor market is characterized by a high number of employees and a historically low level of unemployment, as you have already mentioned, Vladimir Vladimirovich. According to the latest data from Rosstat, this level is three percent.
Unemployment is falling across all age cohorts, and, most importantly for the labor market, it is also falling among young people.
The high demand for specialists has formed the job market of the applicant. This situation contributes to an increase in wages, leads to an increase in the population’s income and reduces the level of poverty. Increasing the cost of labor also increases the return on investment in technology, and encourages an increase in labor productivity. In addition, competition for employees creates favorable conditions for reducing the segment of shadow employment.
In these circumstances, avoiding unmet demand for labor is a critical challenge for the education and employment systems. Due to the demographic decline of the 1990s, the number of citizens aged 30 to 39 will decrease by 7.2 million people by 2030. This is the age when high labor productivity is achieved, and the employee is most inclined to technological innovations. At the same time, the number of citizens aged 15 to 29 years increases by almost three million people during the same period. This is our demographic window of opportunity. This window of opportunity should be used to smooth out the structural imbalance in the labor market. But balancing is possible only if the qualifications of young specialists are exactly in line with the needs of the economy.
Other age groups are also increasing: the number of citizens aged 40 to 59 will increase by 3.7 million people. This age cohort is also highly involved in the economy, but maintaining the potential for technological transformation of experienced workers largely depends on the development of a lifelong learning system. The structure of demand for personnel is changing following the transformation of the economy. In recent years, there has been a shift from the real sector to the service sector. It is enough to cite as an example that the share of people employed in industry, agriculture and transport has decreased by almost seven percent over the past six years. The need for import substitution and ensuring technological sovereignty provoked large-scale and rapid changes in the demand for certain professions in the market. The greatest demand for personnel has developed in manufacturing enterprises, in construction and in transport.
The healthcare system needs specialists, where the need for personnel is constantly growing as the proportion of the elderly population increases. In the long run, until 2030, the demand for labor will grow, the personnel demand of the economy will amount to 73.6 million people. The greatest demand will be in the following industries: manufacturing – plus almost 800 thousand jobs, transportation and storage – plus 400 thousand, healthcare and social services-another 285 thousand, scientific and research activities, as well as IT, will provide more than 430 thousand jobs.
In a number of industries, the number of employees will decrease, including due to the reasonable routing of school leavers and students to enterprises that belong to key industries for the economy. However, this will not fully satisfy the growing demand for personnel. It is necessary to maximize the compliance of educational programs and employers ‘ requests, ensure the rapid integration of young people into the labor market, develop a mechanism for additional professional education for adult applicants and employees, and promote employment of vulnerable groups in the labor market.
Some decisions in these areas have already been made. We are talking, for example, about the launch of the “Professionalist” program, which is a practice-oriented education that trains in-demand specialists who are motivated to work in their profession. The adult retraining program within the national project “Demography” was also completely reformatted. High employment results have been achieved, and more than 80 percent – 86 percent-are employed at the end of their training.
Since 2021, a program to promote youth employment has been implemented, which has already helped reduce youth unemployment by almost one and a half times. But there are still a number of system decisions that we propose to take.
The first is the introduction of comprehensive forecasting of personnel needs. To accurately respond to the needs of the economy, it is necessary to detail the prospective demand, take into account the demand for personnel in regional and sectoral strategic documents in the development plans of territories. This is especially true for our new regions, where large-scale projects for the development of territories and the economy are already being implemented.
To do this, we propose to unify industry strategies and programs for the socio-economic development of regions, including a mandatory section on the necessary staffing in the context of professions and qualifications, as well as to supplement employers ‘ reporting with parameters of the prospective need for professional personnel based on their investment plans. The format for providing data and the recommended methodology for calculating the need will be developed jointly with the regions and the professional community.
In order to neutralize the risks of unsatisfied demand for labor, we suggest that the forecast of personnel needs should be made the main reference point for determining admission control figures in all areas of vocational training.
In addition, we propose to detail the admission quota for targeted training in higher education programs and fix 90 percent of the quota for the needs of specific enterprises.
The already adopted decision on open competitive selection for targeted training will make this mechanism more transparent for applicants, and fixing the quota will make it more effective for employers.
It is also proposed to enable enterprises in need of personnel to enter into targeted contracts with undergraduates of vocational training, including providing additional support measures for the duration of training.
The second set of solutions concerns setting up mechanisms for meeting employers ‘ requests for applied skills among young professionals. Accelerating the transformation of professions requires increasing the flexibility of the national qualification system.
The current system of reflecting the requirements of professional standards in educational programs does not allow us to quickly take into account changes in the labor market, and creates risks of chronic delays.
Therefore, we suggest revising the approach to the formation of professional standards, ensuring their two-component nature. The basic part will define the core competencies that are typical for the profession as a whole. The second, variable one, is to take into account the specialization and industry features, tools and technologies used in the work based on the analysis of employers ‘ requests. This will ensure a reasonable conservatism in the basic fundamentals of professional education, and educational components aimed at teaching practical skills will be able to rely on a more mobile variable part of the professional standard, which will respond flexibly to changing requirements for employees. Due to this variability, the integration of professional and educational standards will increase.
Another important aspect of the convergence of education and the economy is industrial practice. A formal internship does not give the student an idea of what they will be doing. It is necessary to increase the availability of real practical work for students. The “Internships and practices” service on the portal “Work of Russia” has been tested, and since September 1, the first educational institutions are already working with the all-Russian database of practices. We propose to gradually connect educational organizations to this service in 2024, taking into account the specifics of different training tracks and service settings, and from January 1, 2025, we propose to make internship registration through the Work of Russia portal mandatory for educational organizations. Then the internship will truly be the first job of the graduate and part of his work history, and possibly the future place of permanent work.
Successful employment and self-realization of our youth is our main common goal. Therefore, on your instructions, dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, together with colleagues from the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Education and Science, we have prepared a methodology for rating educational organizations that takes into account the demand for their graduates ‘ work in the market.
The first national rating of educational organizations linked to employment and salary levels will be presented before the end of this year. The rating is based on data from employment monitoring, which we already conduct on the portal “Work of Russia”. It is based on a retrospective analysis of data from the last three years.
It is suggested that the data of this rating should be taken into account when allocating admission control figures at the expense of budgets of all levels.
The third block is the improvement of additional adult education programs. The training program for the national project “Demography” is being implemented today according to the same principles in all 89 regions of our country, including new regions. Before starting training, a three-way contract is concluded with the employer, which ensures close alignment with the needs of the customer and, consequently, high employment of the graduate in the future.
We propose to extend the model of tripartite agreements to programs of additional education that are financed from the budget, both at the federal and regional levels, and make it mandatory, and make it mandatory to register these agreements on the portal “Work in Russia”. This will make it possible to analyze the effectiveness of budget-funded retraining programs and evaluate them in terms of their contribution to the economy.
In addition, taking into account the current professional and qualification imbalance in the labor market, we propose to expand access to retraining programs, extending this mechanism to all applicants who are ready to find employment in priority areas for the labor market. We believe that these priority areas will be approved by the Government’s decision.
At the same time, we propose to legislate the possibility of concluding such apprenticeship contracts without state participation, that is, to allow companies to also act as an investor in the career of an employee, paying for training with a guarantee of employment or higher wages.
Fourth – increasing the involvement of unemployed residents in regions with high unemployment in the economy. High unemployment in a number of regions is formed against the background of a high proportion of applicants who do not have sufficient qualifications, as well as the lack of the necessary number of jobs. We suggest that individual development programs of these regions should include measures for the professional development of young people and adult applicants, and to help them find employment outside the region, encourage the attraction of applicants through the program of subsidizing hiring and labor mobility.
By the way, since the beginning of the year, such programs have helped more than 40 thousand specialists find jobs. This mechanism can make an even greater contribution to reducing labor market tensions. We propose to expand the program for promoting labor mobility to include not only enterprises of the military-industrial complex, but also organizations from other priority sectors of the economy.
The fifth is the promotion of professional self-realization of citizens with disabilities. To date, the necessary legal conditions have been created for the professional self-realization of citizens with disabilities, the mechanism for job quotas has been revised, electronic personnel document management has been introduced, and remote employment has been regulated. However, employers are not always ready to organize jobs for employees with special needs. Therefore, we propose at the same time to introduce administrative responsibility for not filling the quotas allocated for disabled people, which are provided for under the current legislation, and to provide additional state support to enterprises in order to adapt jobs for citizens with disabilities.
In concluding my report, Mr President, I would like to touch upon another important aspect-the systematic promotion of popular professions and industries. Projects such as the All-Russian Employment Fair and industrial tourism allow students and their parents, as well as adult applicants, to navigate the prospects of the labor market. Championships and professional competitions provide motivation for professional development.
A simple example. This year, for the first time, the All-Russian Employment Fair was held. It actively involved employers who presented their companies and vacancies, and by and large conducted a fairly large-scale information campaign on the professions that are in demand today. As a result, more than 800 thousand people took part in the two stages of this fair and more than 100 thousand found themselves at these enterprises, that is, they were employed.
It is important to open doors, show what modern production looks like, talk about corporate programs, and such information is necessary for applicants of all ages, but we need to focus on young people in this work.
Thanks for attention.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much.
Please, Sergey Sergeevich.
S. : Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
Given the growth of the Russian economy, the labor market is actively developing. Among employers, there is a growing need for young professionals, college graduates, for whom new opportunities are opening up today. In support of the economy and in accordance with the tasks of the labor market, the entire system of secondary vocational education is now undergoing a meaningful reset: it is moving from regional to regional-sectoral management principle.
What has already been done and in what areas are we working to provide qualified personnel to the Russian economy and our economy?
The key thing is that we have seriously changed the approaches to training secondary vocational education students. In terms of the content of education, more than 400 SPE standards have been updated in three years and about 150 new ones have been approved together with employers. We have updated the training programs so that the students have more practice, more specific skills needed in the workplace. We have introduced in every program a mandatory study of the basics of information technology, lean manufacturing – and – as you said in your opening remarks-financial literacy. We have introduced the so-called demonstration exam during the state final certification, when students perform not only theoretical, but also practical tasks, and it is on the equipment that they will have at their workplaces. The results are evaluated by independent experts and future employers.
At the same time, the introduction of demonstration practical exams is the right and authority of colleges. We believe it is important to consolidate the final certification in the form of a demonstration exam by law, giving the regions the authority to conduct it according to uniform rules established at the federal level, as well as to recognize this exam in the system of independent assessment of qualifications. We discussed this issue in detail with Alexander Nikolaevich Shokhin and agreed on it. This proposal is reflected in the draft decision of the State Council. Please support us.
Further. Revised the structure of admission control numbers. Priority is given to professions and specialties that are necessary in industrial sectors, primarily for the military-industrial complex. More than 20 thousand graduates have already been employed in the defense industry, and another 16 thousand are undergoing practical training. The share of technical specialties in general admission has increased: it is already 56 percent.
Now about the support of the teaching staff. This year, which you have declared the Year of the Teacher and Mentor, Vladimir Vladimirovich, underlines the great importance and responsibility of the teaching profession. Since 2020, we have trained more than 46 thousand teachers and masters of industrial training, and internships have been organized for them at enterprises.
Today, dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, you have opened the first Kaluga Federal Vocational Education Technology Park in Russia, where teachers of vocational education from all over the country will study, about 10 thousand people a year. We plan to open a similar technopark in Nizhny Novgorod.
Every month, in accordance with your instructions, Mr Putin, five thousand rubles are paid not only for classroom instruction in schools, but also for curating groups in colleges. We have strengthened educational work in colleges, and every week in colleges begins with the ceremony of raising the National Flag and playing the National Anthem. There are lessons “Talking about important things” – we cultivate pride in our country, its culture and centuries-old history. Since September 1 of this year, the post of adviser to the director of education has been introduced in colleges. So, 2,900 specialists are already working.
Thank you, Mr President, for your support. This is a very important measure for the education and development of young people.
Starting from 2022, the right to reduce income tax is legally fixed, which was discussed at the [congress] Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. Today, 17 regions have already decided on an investment tax deduction. Practice shows that the measure is useful and actually works. Please, dear colleagues, introduce this measure to support colleges.
Developing the championship movement. On the one hand, these are traditionally platforms for identifying and supporting talented young personnel, and their employment in the best companies in the country. On the other hand, it is a showcase of colleges, a great way to show that a person of work is in high demand today, that modern production is changing qualitatively: equipment, machines, working conditions have been completely updated – and most importantly, that professional skills allow you to achieve success in life and realize yourself.
All this, of course, works to popularize working professions. Today, more than 60 percent of ninth-graders choose colleges.
Right here, in Veliky Novgorod, we are summing up the results of the first international high-tech Championship, which is the future. I thank Andrey Sergeevich for the fact that the first such championship in Russia is held at such a high level. Then, in November, in St. Petersburg, the final of the “Professionals” championship will be held in the most popular and necessary market specialties in colleges.
Taking into account the high demand for the championship movement, as well as its direct focus on career guidance at school, we will – you supported the performance of one of the finalists of the championship today – hold such championships annually.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
At the congress of the United Russia party, you commissioned the implementation of the Professionalist project. Today it is the flagship of the open source system development. “Professionalism” fully allows you to implement an industry-specific approach. The project participants-colleges and enterprises-work closely together to train specialists for specific tasks, which guarantees the maximum level of employment of graduates, almost 100 percent.
Today, Professonalist covers more than 350 colleges in 24 industries in 68 regions. The project was supported by almost a thousand enterprises-from large corporations to small businesses. In total, they invested more than three and a half billion rubles. New regions of the Russian Federation have also joined the Professionalist project.
We will continue to develop this project, and we plan to cover up to a thousand colleges from all regions of the country. This will make it possible to fulfill your assignment, Mr Putin, to train one million specialists and skilled workers by 2028 to ensure the sovereignty and competitiveness of our country. The roadmap has been approved, and all tasks will be completed on time.
Today, when discussing the topic of the labor market, we all understand that it takes time to train a good specialist, and much depends on the accurate forecast of changes and the dynamics of the demand for professions.
Separately, I would like to express my gratitude to the Ministry of Labor and the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, which in close cooperation allow us to quickly adapt to the tasks of the economy. We are waiting for the approved labor market forecast, which Anton Olegovich said today. This will allow for targeted and more accurate training of specialists.
In conclusion, let me address the governors.
Your personal involvement is very important for the further development of the open source system. Only together, in close contact, will we ensure a competent and effective transition to the regional-industry principle in personnel training. Please identify priority areas of economic sectors, taking into account regional specifics, and rely on them when forming admission control figures. This will largely allow us to conduct systematic work on the employment of graduates in the future, guaranteeing young specialists jobs. It is important to get involved in the creation of educational and production complexes so that college students can seamlessly combine their studies with work while they get a profession. And we, for our part, will provide all the necessary support and assistance.
Thanks for attention.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
Mikhail Vladimirovich, please.
Mikhail Razvozhaev : Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
Our round table “Education” within the framework of the State Council working group discussed mainly proposals related to the modernization and improvement of the vocational education system. Much has already been said by our colleagues, but I would like to discuss a number of proposals that are also proposed to be included in the protocol, but which have not yet been identified.
First of all, I would like to start with the fact that Sergey Sergeyevich has now noted: indeed, now we are moving from the regional principle of forming vocational education to the regional-sectoral one. For a long time, the open source system was the responsibility of regions and governors. We have, of course, formed both acceptance benchmarks and insights from regional forecasts.
Today, it is obvious that in order to achieve technological sovereignty and provide our enterprises in different parts of the country with personnel in each region, the open source system should work not only for the region, but we should see it more broadly – across the whole country. And here it is [important] to manage the flow of graduates and the target order for training, because there are regions in which, Mr Putin, there are very good vocational colleges, but there is never any work for their graduates – it is in other regions, they are in demand [there]. In addition, these are old ties that have been developing since the Soviet period.
But before, again, talking about the open source system, I would like to say that today, of course, we should start working from school. I believe that Sergey Sergeyevich and our commission have done a lot here recently, based on the fact that since September 1, we finally have career guidance classes in schools on a permanent basis. Moreover, these are not just career guidance lessons – they are lessons that involve excursions to enterprises and various business companies. The guys are especially interested in everything that is related to the tourism sector, when you study in a particular college or get such a specialty, of course, I’m talking about Sevastopol. Of course, in the future, they will understand what place to choose for admission – you can first go directly to the company and see how everything works.
In addition, I would like to say, as Sergey Sergeyevich has just said briefly, that we discussed at our round table the revival of the Code of Criminal Procedure, educational and industrial complexes, and the school system. We believe that this is also an important initiative that could be considered as part of the assignment. Because today, again thanks to your instructions, labor education has returned to school, and since August, the law on education has restored the mandatory opportunity for schoolchildren to engage in socially useful work.
The next stage is still to try to consider the revival of educational and industrial complexes, when in grades 10-11, as it still was in our time, you can get a profession. We won’t even need any additional infrastructure investments here, because we have the same system of vocational training that you can use, we have new modern schools where workshops are built in such a way that it is quite possible for girls and boys to get a profession there. We also have enterprises that are ready to teach students themselves and that are ready, especially in rural areas, agricultural enterprises, to provide an educational and production base for grades 10-11 and give them a profession while the child is still in school.
And now a few words about the proposals that were not identified, which we worked out on our “table”. I will not dwell on the forecast that all our colleagues have already mentioned, Mr President, and you have instructed us to make this forecast available next year. I just wanted to point out what we discussed: the forecast is not only an understanding, but also a management system for the education system in the region itself – both secondary vocational education and higher education. Because without this forecast, we can’t configure the admission control numbers to work effectively.
Another of the proposals that our “table” has developed: to provide for the possibility of combining university students-starting from the third year-training with real production activities. Not like now – to go to work from the third year, you need to switch to correspondence education – but staying in full-time education. I must say that we partially used this practice during Covid, when medical students came to work in hospitals and, accordingly, closed this need.
In addition, I would also like to say a few words about “Professionalism”, which, thanks to the Ministry of Education, is now being actively implemented. We have been thinking for a long time about how to bring the employer and the open source system closer. This is probably the most successful experience in recent years, when we actually see that employers invest in the vocational education system, in equipment, in additional qualifications of vocational education teachers, and receive tax preferences, and such, in fact, production and training clusters are obtained.
The question, of course, that you mentioned in your opening speech, Mr Putin, and that children from all over the country have asked you about, and Mr Putin has spoken about it, is the living conditions in dormitories and our vocational education system. It is important to note here that we will not be able – and for financial reasons – to make and repair dormitories in all colleges in the country at once, and probably this is not necessary, because within the framework of” Professionalism ” priority areas are determined. There, in principle, the entrepreneurs themselves, industrial associations that participate in the “Professionalism”, are ready to invest in this, but perhaps with some share of state co-financing. In other words, we can make prioritization here.
One more point that I would like to say in conclusion – this, of course, was also touched upon by all my colleagues to one degree or another – is the popularization of working professions, except, of course, the championship movement, which really inspires children in all regions. Of course, information work is still very important: these are relevant films, TV series about working professions, films about people of labor, heroes of labor who were in the Soviet Union, but are now largely forgotten, and our new Heroes of Labor, who also exist and who really do unique things and about the future of the country. which, unfortunately, the younger generation does not know enough.
That is why we would like to see such an instruction included in the list of instructions – on strengthening cultural, mass and informational work to promote working professions.
In conclusion, Vladimir Vladimirovich: it is clear that there is an important topic of mentoring. On your instructions, this year’s final State Council will be dedicated to the Year of the Teacher and Mentor. A working group of the State Council together with the Ministry of Education is also preparing proposals on mentoring, which will be organically interwoven into the topic of personnel training and labor market development – the topic that we are discussing today.
Thank you so much for your attention.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
A. : Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
At our “table” we discussed issues related to small and medium-sized businesses, small and medium-sized businesses, but not only. If I may, I will also touch on other issues that we discussed.
Three basic variables that affect the solution of the problem of personnel shortage and the situation on the labor market, which you mentioned at the very beginning. This is, in fact, education – a lot has been said about it now. This is labor productivity – you mentioned it in your speech. And the third is decisions that are related to expanding the labor force base.
Two words about the peculiarities of SMEs. Now Anton Olegovich said that we are starting to form a forecast, now we will form a methodology. But it will be extremely difficult to work with small and medium-sized businesses – not all large companies are engaged in correct forecasting.
Therefore, in addition to what Andrey Sergeyevich said: include the My Business centers, which have performed very well in recent years, in educational activities, that is, include them in training programs at universities and secondary schools. By the way, you can connect not only the “My Business” centers, but also regional competence centers, so that the productivity of students can also be taught immediately.
We propose to create “My Business” centers, of course, in collaboration with our business associations, a center for aggregation and forming a consolidated forecast for all small and medium-sized businesses, so that the region has one entry point. And so that, regardless of whether you are a member of OPORA Rossii or Delovaya Rossiya, you can come to the My Business center and somehow express yourself, your needs, and your new business projects, so that the region at least understands what needs there are. in terms of staffing, small and medium-sized businesses have it. These proposals are also reflected in the draft protocol, so I would just like to draw your attention to them once again.
Now two words about labor productivity.
Vladimir Vladimirovich, you yourself have said that the companies included in this project are showing remarkable results, but unfortunately, not all companies are included in this project due to regulatory restrictions. Companies with a turnover below 400 million rubles – just small and medium-sized companies-cannot be included due to regulatory restrictions. In other words, regional competence centers created with the support of the federal budget, even at the regional expense, cannot now provide assistance and support to companies with a turnover of less than 400 million rubles.
We discussed this issue recently with Mikhail Mishustin at a meeting on small and medium-sized businesses. We would also like to ask you to remove these restrictions. In principle, the Government and colleagues support us. We believe that this should be done in order to significantly expand the number of companies that could participate in this project.
Here I would like to mention a number of regions separately. In particular, we in the Kaliningrad Region have taken the example of Moscow: Moscow compensates for the costs of so-called engineering services – they compensate up to ten million rubles to companies that are engaged in increasing labor productivity through ordering from engineering centers. It’s a good initiative, and we didn’t start reinventing the wheel either: we just repeat this experience and encourage other regions to do it too – a very useful tool.
And the third aspect is the expansion of the labor force base. In our opinion, our compatriots, the Russian-speaking population abroad – from Western Europe, the Baltic States, and other parts of the world-could become another resource for solving the problem of the growing shortage of personnel. Most of the proposals for the return of compatriots are reflected in the draft presidential decree on repatriates – that’s what I’ll call it briefly.
But there is a category of those who are not yet included in the project, as described, under the decree. These are those compatriots who have not yet decided whether they are ready to move and obtain citizenship, but who would like to come to Russia, work on a temporary basis or on a permanent basis. In this regard, there are two alternative proposals. Please instruct us to work through them.
The first possibility is to simplify the procedures for granting quotas for foreign jobs for such people, for our Russian-speaking compatriots, possibly expanding the powers of the regions in this matter.
Or more radically, it means granting a special status at entry, when applying for a visa in our foreign institutions, which would confirm the status of a compatriot and, accordingly, a person with this confirmation could get a job in our country, of course, with restrictions, meaning a ban on civil service, work in law enforcement agencies, and so on. But in this way, we could significantly expand the potential base of our workforce.
Another aspect – I won’t talk about young people now, the Minister has already mentioned this – is pensioners. I understand that the issue is extremely debatable and complex, but nevertheless it was discussed, so I would like to voice it, Mr Putin. This is especially true in the field of medicine, education, and other areas as well.
A possible return to indexation of pensions for working pensioners – for some people this would be an incentive to return to the labor market. We understand that there are also forks in the road here, but nevertheless we made a proposal to introduce such a measure exclusively for medical professionals and for the education system, but our colleagues from the Government corrected us – they said that it is impossible to divide people here by category, by industry, and we will need to make a general decision.
Vladimir Vladimirovich, taking into account the fact that Andrey Vladimirovich Chibis, who represents the Murmansk Region, worked at our “table”, there were two, let’s say, requests from the Arctic regions. I will also discuss them with your permission, but we also understand that this will require more detailed work with the Government.
We have a measure of support when moving to the Far East and when moving to the Arctic regions, but it differs in the amount of support. If my memory serves me correctly, it amounts to a million rubles for the Far East, and 225 thousand rubles for moving to the Arctic regions. If possible: at some point in the future, consider equalizing the size of this support.
And the second proposal is also debatable, but nevertheless voiced not only by Andrey Vladimirovich, but also by other colleagues from the northern regions. This is the so-called northern experience for individual entrepreneurs and the self-employed. Colleagues-governors believe that its absence – it is not charged for individual entrepreneurs and the self-employed-is a kind of restriction for entrepreneurial initiative and the formation of a corps of those people who legalize their activities and become self-employed.
I have everything, Vladimir Vladimirovich. Thank you.
Vladimir Putin: Of course, we would like to pay people more – to make sure that they are paid in all directions and in all regions.
Support for Russia in the Far East is linked to the depopulation of these territories, and that’s what it is related to. If we equalize everything, what incentive will there be to work and live in the Far East? But in general, of course, we are thinking in the right direction. We will definitely think about it.
Thank you very much.
Alexander Yuryevich, please.
A. : Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
Our “table” looked at the reserves for involving in the labor activity of those categories of citizens who are not involved yet. First of all, we talked about citizens who are disabled, but disabled people who are able to work and are of working age. There are more than four million of them in Russia, and only 27 percent of them work. Therefore, we see the task, of course, with the proper organization of training and retraining of their employment.
I would like to say that such experience exists in several regions, including the Leningrad Region, in the Multi-Center for Social and Labor Integration. Now this experience has been transferred to our guys, the participants of the Free Trade Association. Specialists of the institutions not only train, but also accompany and adapt to the new workplace together with employers. There are three suggestions on this topic.
The first proposal: at the federal and regional levels, take measures to support employers in creating or equipping new jobs for people with disabilities, as well as for members of the Free economic Zone.
The second thing – we have already made a proposal here, but we wanted to extend it a little-is not only to introduce liability for violation or non-fulfillment of the quota for employers for the employment of disabled people, but also to provide incentives for the employment of disabled people in excess of the quota.
And third, we suggest that when passing medical examinations, take into account modern compensatory opportunities for prosthetics and other medical opportunities, when people who receive a higher group, but have good technical capabilities, could go to work at their own request,and they should be allowed to work.
The second topic has already been discussed – women, especially women aged 25-30, are women who have minor children. What do the statistics say? More than 80 percent of women with school-age children are employed. And among women who have children of preschool age, employment is 68%. It should be noted that their employment rate is growing, but more slowly than we would like, although the program is working.
Therefore, Mr Putin, there is a request, but I will start with thank you – thank you for the decision that women under the age of one and a half [children] can go to work, but the payment of child benefits remains. But we propose to go a little further and only for those families where there is a single parent – up to three years [to extend the payment]. If a single parent goes to work, then up to three years to keep the allowance-it is for those families where the only parent.
We also talked about pensioners several times today. I would like to say that the current training programs within the framework of the federal Assistance and employment project are showing their effectiveness. The same goes for statistics: over the past two years, thanks to this federal project, more than 100 thousand pensioners have returned to the economy.
But there is a general proposal: to ensure the implementation of measures for vocational training and additional vocational education of the most vulnerable categories in the labor market by 2030. I am referring to disabled people, citizens of retirement age, citizens over 50, young people, women on parental leave, veterans of the SVO, and other groups of citizens.
There is a Demography program. I propose not just to include them in this program, but to extend this national project, and in this national project it is the program that I mentioned, until 2030.
And speaking of young people, I want to add one more suggestion from our “table”. The fact is that we do have regions where there is excessive youth unemployment. At the same time, young people are the easiest on their feet, as we say, and are ready to get up and go where they will be in demand.
We suggest that employers implementing investment projects should be given the opportunity to attract workers within the framework of the subsidized hiring program-provided that there is no labor force in the region where they work, and, of course, wages are not lower than the average for the region – to attract them from labor-surplus regions so that children from labor-surplus regions can find work, and employers could get an opportunity for their employment.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much.
Please, Andrey Ilyich Komarov.
A. : Good evening, Vladimir Vladimirovich!
Good evening, colleagues!
Today we are discussing one of the most important topics for the industry – the development of the labor market and personnel training.
The Professionalitet project is just over two years old. The Professionalitet project is an unprecedented project in which the interaction of business and government has led to very rapid results thanks to very hard work.
All our surveys two years ago showed that more than half of employers are not satisfied with the training system. What did the employers want and what did they manage to do during these two years? My colleagues have already mentioned this, but I would like to repeat it.
Industry-specific approach is extremely important for the training system. Employers wanted to shorten the training period for some professions, and this was implemented: relevant proposals were made to the Ministry of Education and found their response, and this has already been implemented today.
Employers wanted to be able to participate in the management of colleges – this system exists today, such an opportunity exists today. Employers wanted to have the opportunity to start businesses in colleges – this opportunity has been implemented, and today there is already such an opportunity.
But, Mr Putin, let’s not forget about the tax deduction. We addressed you at the congress and you supported us. Today, the tax deduction has been implemented, and 17 regions have already adopted the relevant tax legislation. I would like to say, for example, as an investor in the Novgorod Region recently did, that this is, in general, a certain criterion for investment attractiveness, too. There was a good investment climate here before, and we worked very well, but the fact that the region supported this tax deduction by law is an additional incentive to attract investment. I would like to thank you, Andrey Sergeevich, for putting this into practice here.
What to say, 68 regions have already participated in the project [“Professionalitet”] for two years, more than a thousand enterprises have supported it, 220 clusters have already been created, and big plans exist next year. 3.7 million people are currently in the vocational training system, which is more than 60 percent of graduates of the 9th grade. We forecast an increase to 70-75 percent in the next five to seven years.
I consider the project a success, and I would like to thank the Government and the Ministry of Education for implementing and successfully promoting this project. We talked a lot during these two days about the next steps – all of them are important, I don’t want to repeat them. Many proposals have been made, and I already see that this will be reflected in the decisions of the State Council.
I would like to touch at the end, perhaps, on your assignment, which has already been partially implemented and which will be implemented next year, regarding the introduction of the position of an educational adviser in colleges.
About ten years ago, Mr Putin, I asked you – there was a meeting on the Pervouralsk Metallurgical College in Yekaterinburg – to support our project with a sponsored military unit. You supported it back then, and this project has been implemented and is still working today. And we immediately created – at that time-the position of deputy director for educational and patriotic work in the college. This is an excellent working mechanism that is extremely necessary for the system of secondary vocational education, taking into account the family situation of the children who come to study there. I would support this and in this regard make a request: never again to cancel this position. We would introduce it and never cancel it again.
In the end, I would like to draw your attention to the fact that our project is developing very well, and I think that the goal of one million new trained personnel by 2028 will be implemented. Today, 700 thousand students are already participating in the “Professionalitet”. It seems to me that the system is being improved, and today the best practices of companies, including global practices, are involved in it.
It seems to me that after some time we should raise the question of creating such a system of open source education in places where in any case our country will draw its labor resources – first of all, these are friendly countries where these resources come from. I think this project needs to be discussed and implemented – it will have a great creative effect.
Thanks for attention.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much.
Tatiana Alekseevna, please.
T. : Good evening, Vladimir Vladimirovich! Good evening, dear colleagues!
I would not like to repeat myself, because for two days we discussed in sufficient detail all the approaches that are related to the future and current organization of work on assessing and forecasting the situation on the labor market in the Russian Federation, and we worked out these instructions and discussed them. Also, of course, taking into account the discussion that is taking place now, we will finalize all this. But there are a few points that I think are important to pay attention to. We also discussed them, but nevertheless.
Today, in fact, the labor market and its development depend on two components: on our demographics, as you mentioned in your opening speech, and on the speed of restructuring our economy and solving the problems of technological sovereignty.
If we talk about demographics, then in principle all the trends are clear, and we actually have this 10-year window of opportunity, during which we need to restructure, in fact, our views and approaches to the system of secondary vocational education, higher and additional education. This is exactly what we are currently doing, but the speed of these changes should be much faster.
Mr Putin, we have done our homework in preparation for the meeting of the Presidium of the State Council. Since we are at the stage of forming the forecast that we mentioned today, we have made a counter forecast – for now it is a project. We developed it at the federal level based on the priorities that were defined, including technological sovereignty, and asked our colleagues from the regions for their vision of this work and how they see the regional labor markets and what changes should be made in the relevant sectors. Our goals have not yet coincided, but this has become an additional incentive for us to finalize the very methodology that we discussed today as quickly as possible, and use it in the same way in order to quickly and flexibly assess emerging trends in the labor market. Because everything is changing very quickly, and if we don’t respond to it in a timely manner, we will repeat the problems that we have had for decades. Therefore, today and yesterday we were just evaluating the changes, and our colleagues have just mentioned some of them, which need to be implemented in the system of specialized secondary and higher education.
Despite the fact that the forecast is not yet available in its final form, nevertheless, in 2022 and 2023, on the one hand, taking advantage of the fact that we launched the “Professionalitet” project, on the other hand, understanding the demand for certain personnel of a certain specialization in military-industrial enterprises, many regions have already restructured their approaches to The 2023-2024 academic year was marked by the fact that the number of admission control figures in secondary specialized educational institutions in the most popular specialties increased by 11 thousand.
Why am I talking about this? I mention this only because you said in your opening speech that based on the new forecast that we are to approve next year, we should actually change the approaches to the curricula and admission benchmarks set by specialized secondary and higher education institutions in 2025-2026. We will act in this way, but we can already do some pre-tuning things and react to the changing situation, which is exactly what is happening. In the near future in the Government under the chairmanship of Mikhail Vladimirovich [Mishustin] we will consider two issues related to the forecast of the labor market and the development of the education system, responding to these forecast changes.
As we have already mentioned the project “Professionalitet”, which we launched from the 2023-2024 academic year, and despite the fact that it is very young, nevertheless, it already has ambassadors from those young people who graduated from professional technical schools-excuse me, colleges, as we now call it – but they entered they became a kind of engine for young people who chose these specialties, who were included in the project”Professionalitet”.
What is our next priority? Our immediate task, which we have already defined for ourselves – is that we already understand that about 50 percent of the colleges that are currently operating in the market should be integrated into the Professalitet project, which means that they will be loaded with new curricula and will meet the requirements and challenges of the market working conditions that are developing today. I would like to thank both the regions and employers for this short period, when we have created almost 201 educational and industrial clusters. The federal budget has invested 10 billion rubles, the regions have invested 1.5 billion rubles, and employers have invested 3.3 billion rubles. For one year, I think this is a very significant step forward, and I would like it to be further developed.
You and your colleagues have already mentioned in your speeches that we would like the environment in which children grow up, study and live to be a decent one. We are talking about dormitories. We have relevant proposals, we discussed this topic today, and we believe that this kind of support, whether it is provided from the federal budget, the regional budget, or the employer’s budget, should be aimed at those educational institutions that are currently being rebuilt and who carry out the necessary work that corresponds to the priorities of the labor market.
Today, there were also proposals that are related to the involvement of people with disabilities in the labor process and in the labor market. The topic is subtle, as it is also related to medical indications. But we now understand that some things that seemed unshakable to us will probably need to be revised so that these people can be involved in employment.
And probably one more point that I would like to mention, so as not to take up time, since I have already said that we discussed this. We have new regions of the Russian Federation here today, at the Presidium of the State Council, and they are participating in such work for the first time. I would like to say that despite the fact that they have recently been involved, they have already been integrated into all our programs, not only in the framework of the regional socio-economic development program, but also in the framework of our regular ongoing work. Of course, their labor market is experiencing serious needs for specialists today, and the set of activities that we are discussing is absolutely as relevant for them as for other regions of the country.
You have instructed the interagency working group that I lead to review the problem regions. Today we also discussed this issue and agreed that the first region, although we have already considered it, will be the Trans-Baikal Territory. Today, he presented the current situation on the labor market. I think that we will be able to do this in the near future.
Our colleagues also mentioned today the final meeting of the State Council, which will be held at the end of the year, with the issue of mentoring. I would still like to address you, Mr President. After all, 2023 was designated by you as the Year of the teacher and Mentor. If we hold the final meeting of the State Council at the end of the year, we would like it to be devoted simultaneously to the end of the Year of the teacher and mentor.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much.
Colleagues, what are your comments, any comments?
: Mr Putin, thank you very much.
You mentioned depopulation in the Far East. You were recently in the Murmansk region. Today, thanks to your support, the Murmansk Region and the entire Arctic zone of the Russian Federation are developing, and the projects that we are implementing require, of course, competent and qualified personnel. What Anton Andreevich [Alikhanov] said is extremely relevant for us today in terms of expanding the mechanism for moving exactly in the size that it operates in the Far East. We have launched the “Course to the North” program ourselves. As part of this program, we have formulated special measures and individual support for those we are looking for, support when they come to us to provide them with comfort. But these are public sector employees, and we do it well.
If you supported the initiative to increase the amount of payments to employers for industrial enterprises, for those who move, it would, of course, significantly help us in the economy mode. So please support us here. This is not a lot of money, as they say, but it is very important, especially now, when large-scale production is developing in our country.
Thank you very much.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
Alexander Nikolaevich, please.
: Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich,
I would like to make a few comments. First of all, this is a really important topic. It is no coincidence that almost every speaker mentioned employers as an interested party, on the one hand, and as an active participant in the process of solving problems in the labor market and improving the situation in the field of employment, vocational training, and so on.
Anton Olegovich said that it is necessary to increase the role of professional standards and introduce a two-component system. We believe that, first of all, it is necessary to drastically reduce the time for approval and approval of professional standards. Currently, our educational standards are adopted by an accelerated procedure-six months in advance, and professional standards sometimes “walk” through bureaucratic corridors for more than a year. Therefore, it would certainly be important to resolve this issue through a relevant Government decree and make a connection here.
In addition, it is certainly very important if the role of both industry councils for professional qualifications and industry departments is increased in the flexible adaptation of professional standards to the needs of employers, here the very second component could be solved through such interaction. Of course, it is very important now to expand the participation of employers in the educational process, here is a classic example, of course, the project “Professionalitet”, as well as the project” Advanced Engineering Schools”, and we are talking about maximizing the formats of practice-oriented project-based training of network educational programs, dual training. Our colleagues have already given some examples here, and we have been raising these issues for two days. Here I would support Sergey Sergeevich [Kravtsov] in saying that with regard to secondary vocational education, it is really necessary to legalize the demonstration exam and make it part of an independent assessment of qualifications, combined with the state final certification. But equally, these mechanisms of combining state final and even intermediate attestation with independent assessment can be applied to universities. Valery Nikolayevich Falkov and I recently held a meeting at the RSPP site and came to the conclusion that we also need to move forward here, since this will enable university graduates – even in the process of studying – to master some qualifications, get micro-degrees, and thus, before receiving the final certificate of education, join the labor market.
Vladimir Putin:And how do you see these demonstration exams?
Alexey Shokhin: We have been piloting the combination of state final certification and independent assessment at several universities for two years now – in my opinion, at 12 universities. An independent assessment is actually an examination by employers, and it is also accepted for compliance with professional standards and those qualifications that follow from the professional standard. The main problem there, Mr Putin, is who should finance it. Unfortunately, universities are currently unable to finance this independent assessment even from extra-budgetary sources. The issue is purely technical, and I think it can be resolved fairly quickly.
Andrey Ilyich [Komarov] reminded you, Vladimir Vladimirovich, that in December 2021, at the Congress of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, the issue of tax deduction was essentially resolved. Indeed, 17 regions adopted a corresponding decision to follow up on the law adopted by the State Duma. But, of course, it would be right to think about how to compensate the region for the loss of income. Not all regions are able to make this tax deduction. We can see this in the investment tax deduction as well. One could think of making this deduction in the form of writing off the corresponding amount of accumulated regional debt to the federal budget. The Ministry of Finance is currently developing such mechanisms. It would also be possible to think about how to support companies ‘ spending on education in this way.
We have a lot of examples when companies participate in educational projects for serious amounts. The figure of 3.3 billion rubles in the framework of “Professionalism” has already been mentioned. Some companies, for example, PhosAgro invested 6 billion rubles in 10 years, TMK-one and a half billion. Such companies as Rosatom, Russian Railways, Gazpromneft, NLMK, Sibur, Evraz, Severstal, Sberbank and many others, dozens of companies have their own educational programs and corporate universities. And even a symbolic incentive through these tax incentives would certainly increase the attractiveness for many other companies, including medium-sized ones, of investment activities related to the development of education.
And, of course, many colleagues have linked the situation on the labor market with the need to increase labor productivity. Therefore, Mr President, since it seems that next year there will be a “reassembly” of national projects, we are all interested in the “Labor Productivity” project being maintained in the future until 2030 and that it will also be implemented. it is linked to projects in the field of employment of the labor market.
By the way, I was surprised to find, despite the presence of Tatyana Alekseevna [Golikova] at our seminar, that we forgot about such a powerful reserve for increasing labor productivity and solving employment problems as the health of the working population. I believe that this should also be remembered and, perhaps, some instructions should be submitted after our meeting.
And about the forecast. In my opinion, it is really very important to have a single methodology. Now, both regions and companies, relatively speaking, are recommended to use virtually any forecasting methods, compare the impossible, and this information, indeed, does not give grounds for making informed decisions, including on admission to secondary and higher vocational education institutions. But I would like to draw your attention to the fact that we have a National Council for Professional Qualifications, there are industry councils, the first function of which is to monitor and predict the situation on the labor market in the industry and professional context. It seems to me that it would be possible to connect them too and make it a duty to even give such information and summarize monitoring and forecasting. The National Council could be a coordinator here.
Vladimir Vladimirovich, I would like to say one last point. Next year, we are celebrating the 10th anniversary of the National Qualifications Framework. In 2014, you established the National Council for Professional Qualifications under the President. I would like you to hold a meeting of this council, which is still under the President.
And a very good reason – Tatyana Alekseevna suggested that the final State Council should be held with the topic of mentoring, and at the end of November we will have the final stage of the Professional Skills Championship in mass professions, there will be the annual All-Russian forum of the National Qualifications System, the forum “Russian Industrialist” on November 27-30. If you had the time to attend all these events, it would be a good reason to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the National Qualifications Framework. Moreover, there is a lot to talk about, about tasks for the future.
Vladimir Putin: Thank you.
We always have enough reasons to celebrate. Let’s note it. The main thing is that this event should be held at a high level. We don’t participate in WorldSkills for obvious reasons, but at the national level, of course, we can do it with dignity. I would very much like that to be the case, so thank you for the invitation.
Alexander Nikolaevich, I have a few questions about the draft instructions I have prepared. We must proceed from the assumption that instructions, if they are prepared, are agreed upon and will be executed. I have a first question for you and for those who formulated these points: introducing obligations into the legislation of the Russian Federation to determine the current prospective staffing needs of large and medium-sized employers in terms of professional qualifications and regional areas – there we are also talking about other areas, but this is as if it is an obligation for enterprises.
Alexander Shokhin: Mr President, I was honestly against this formulation, because, first of all, medium-sized companies are companies that are most likely from the SME register, they have a different technology, which Anton Andreevich [Alikhanov] described in detail-through the My Business center and so on, through interaction with business associations of small and medium-sized businesses. I suggested a different formula to develop the concept of organizations that are economically important for regional and industry-specific labor markets, and then they can be obligated to participate in this work without fail, including through industry and regional associations of employers.
And in this formulation of “large” and “medium” – in principle, we do not have such a concept in our legislation, we have several laws that are both about bankruptcy and about economically significant enterprises, there is a criterion for what is considered significant, including for the same city-forming enterprises, single-industry towns, significant organizations. Look through this prism – and then they could really participate in this work without fail. But you should definitely include employers ‘ associations. The Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs is ready to carry out this work.
Vladimir Putin: OK, I get it.
(To A. Nikitin.) Andrey Sergeevich, we probably need to work with our colleagues again. We need to ensure that everything we formulate is implemented. And if this is not really implemented at the business level, then how can we force them?
Although Alexander Nikolaevich [Shokhin] probably understands – and other colleagues from business-that in order for the Government to formulate the needs for personnel for a five-year term, they need to be guided by something, and only business can provide such guidelines. Here we need to find a solution.
And the following – we are talking about a very sensitive element of our joint work: the establishment of measures of administrative responsibility for non-fulfillment of the obligation to employ disabled people at the expense of the established quota.
A. Shokhin: I would rather agree with Alexander Drozdenko that incentives are needed. Because in fact, both the Administrative Code and the Criminal Code are proposed to introduce [provisions on] liability – and so on. But in fact, you also need to use different approaches. In addition to quotas, which we have been talking about for a long time, we can also use financing for the job creation process. Not all companies are comfortable with creating jobs for disabled people, but they could finance these jobs from other employers. And many regions are ready to do this.
Therefore, I would think that it should not be so tough as Anton Olegovich [Kotyakov] suggests. We still need to combine responsibility, new financial mechanisms, and incentives.
Vladimir Putin: Maybe we should do that. They will simply be held responsible, but in this case financially. Technologically speaking, not all people can be attracted to a certain type of work. But it is absolutely clear that everyone should be involved in this work.
Establishment of national ratings of professional educational organizations and higher education organizations when setting admission control figures for a specific educational organization.
[What] do you mean, Tatyana Alekseevna?
Tatyana Golikova: I am referring to the rating that you instructed us to use at the St. Petersburg International Forum. Today, Anton Olegovich said this in part, that we have prepared such a draft in advance. But we agreed today, when we discussed this topic, that together with the State Council commissions that took part in the preparation of today’s meeting, we will look at what has now been prepared as a draft and test it.
If we all agree with it by consensus, then this document will be like a regulatory document, in fact, of the Government, as a decree establishing rating criteria, which is based primarily on employment, and secondarily on wages. And, as some colleagues suggest, there may be some additional indicators – what was discussed in the discussion. We discussed the topic…
Vladimir Putin: How does this fit in with setting admission control numbers? Is this meant for budget seats? So we give them money then?
Tatyana Golikova: Yes, of course. If popular [specialties].
Vladimir Putin: I see. Thank you.
And finally, within the framework of the employment subsidy program: to provide an opportunity to participate [in it] to employers implementing major projects in priority sectors of the economy in accordance with the list established by the Government, which require mass recruitment of employees from other localities due to the lack of an appropriate labor supply in the territorial labor market.
Tatyana Golikova: Mr President, we have agreed to correct this, because it is not quite the correct way to put the question.
Vladimir Putin: Well, sources immediately arise.
Tatyana Golikova: Absolutely.
Vladimir Putin: That’s a lot of money.
T. Golikova: This is on the one hand. On the other hand, in any case, we need some criteria, because we always approach this topic very carefully-from the point of view of subsidizing everything in a row.
Vladimir Putin: To submit proposals on state support for employers in terms of compensating for the costs of creating or equipping new jobs for people with disabilities, including those who participate in the Free Economic Zone.
T. Golikova: This is what the governor of the Leningrad Region formulated. We also discussed this topic today – it is a complex topic. It affects both the budgets of all levels and employers, because it requires re-equipment for the person who will work in this workplace.
Therefore, we agreed that we will work out, among other things, possibly, as I said, medical criteria for admission to work in certain workplaces. Next, we will have to really assess what is needed to re-equip jobs.
And third – we will need to essentially agree on how we organize this recruitment process. You pointed out administrative responsibility – and rightly so. We also discussed this today, because it is quite difficult: some enterprises do not take them because there are no such jobs. This is actually a comprehensive program.
And one more point, which is connected with the involvement of children who came after participating in a special military operation and received certain injuries. We already have your assignment here, it is formulated within the framework of the Decree on the Defenders of the Fatherland Foundation, and we are working accordingly.
But today it was said about modern technical means of rehabilitation, carefully passed this formulation. But when we discussed this today, given that the demand for high-tech rehabilitation equipment is increasing now, we probably also need another order–including instructions to our business, which produces it, so that the pricing policy for these technical rehabilitation equipment is more restrained than it is now.
Vladimir Putin: It’s not just business that needs instructions, we can’t give instructions to business – we need instructions from the Federal Antimonopoly Service. Modern means of rehabilitation are four times more expensive than, so to speak, what is mass-produced. Four times! Yes, it is clear that these are high-tech products, but nevertheless, the FAS should carefully monitor what is happening in this market.
But in any case, this item should probably be issued accordingly. But it is necessary to leave it, this topic should not disappear.
Tatyana Golikova: Yes, that’s what we agreed on.
Alexey Drozdenko: Mr President, I would like to add something else. It is necessary to take measures at the federal and regional levels to support the creation and equipping of new jobs for people with disabilities, including those who participate in free economic activity. We have experience in the Leningrad region. We subsidize employers to create such a workplace – from 250 to 500 thousand with a guarantee of employment for a period of at least three years and with a certain salary. We agreed that we will definitely provide this experience.
Vladimir Putin: Yes, I saw it, I know. Thank you. It’s a good experience.
So, colleagues, something else? All?
I would like to thank you for devoting a lot of time to such an important issue for the development of the economy and the social sphere, for getting together and during this time all of you have carried out such a brainstorming session. Very useful and very important. One of the key elements of a country‘s development is personnel. We talk about this from year to year.
This is especially important for us today, because as we can see, both after 2014 and now, these restrictions that are imposed on us from the outside, they stimulate development. Yes, they are slowing us down somewhere, forcing us to postpone earlier decisions, as we say, according to the schedule “to the right”, to a later date. But nevertheless, new competencies are emerging, new opportunities are emerging, and nothing can be done without well-trained personnel.
All this for us is superimposed on another problem–the problem of demographic nature. You all know this very well. But even here, there are ways out that we cannot solve effectively if we do not apply modern means of production and modern technologies. If we apply them, then we may not need such a large amount of labor, that is, it may not be, but it certainly will not be necessary: they will be occupied by modern technology, robotics, artificial intelligence, the use of big data, and so on.
And all this together: on the one hand, the demographic challenge, on the other hand, the possibility of solving the labor shortage issues with the help of modern technologies, the challenges associated with restrictions and our progress in the field of development–all this is tied together in one tangle, a Gordian knot that we do not need to cut in this case, but we can decouple it quite efficiently and gracefully. We can do this, but we need to pay constant attention to this topic – the topic of personnel training.
Thank you very much for your work. Thank you to Andrey Nikitin as the person who headed this group through the State Council, and to all colleagues who took part in it.
Altogether Good. Thank you.